Russian cities: Azov and historical monuments

Russian cities: Azov

Very often, the city called on the rivers on which they stand. And probably the only case where the sea was named for the city based on its shore. Maybe because the sea a little? Or a very old city?

Let's start with the sea. Although it is small, yes udalenkoe. And no worse than its neighbor, which is connected to the Kerch Strait. First, the Sea of ​​Azov is always several degrees warmer than the Black Sea, and second, not so deep and cleaner. Thirdly, it is less salty, but it contains 92 chemical elements that are useful to the human body. You can continue to list ...

The ancient Greeks who settled in these parts before the BC seem to have been aware of such a useful Vodice. However, a secret paradise to keep failed on a piece of cake found many envious. There is a queue and visited the Sarmatians, Huns, Khazars and, and Pechenegs. Behind them a bit pohozyaynichat Vladimir Red Sun, whose changed Cumans. These guys are worth special mention - they gave a foothold, finally, outside the town name - Azov (Azak) and it is with them is the official calendar of the city - from 1067. However, to retain the city failed, and that. In the XIII century in the Azov has ruled the Genoese, ferrying goods along the Silk Road. And in the XIV Century (1395) came Tamerlane and all Porush. The Genoese city was restored, but, again, briefly. In 1471 the Turks occupied Azov. You have not yet tired of this leapfrog? Very similar song about Ten Little Indians.

With the Turks turned out funny. They ruled the relatively long time, until he was tired of the Don Cossacks. In 1637 the Cossacks took the fortress and began hosting the entire coast. But his strength to keep the edge they had, and Azov Moscow at the time was not in store. Although the Cossacks, and received thanks for his great seat of Azov in 1641, when able, as they say, to resist the superior forces of the enemy, in 1643, they had to leave him, as Kutuzov Moscow. Leaving the city Cossacks literally wiped from the face of the earth. Note - For the second time in its history Azov completely destroyed. That raises the question - at what point to consider the base of the city? We quickly conclude the military theme - were further Azov campaigns Peter I, who went though and Azov, but did not bring joy, another Turkish company, is another - and in 1736 became a Russian Azov. Forever you? Practice shows that 200-300 years for the city is not time. So, while you can always go to the Sea of ​​Azov, and at the same time visit this long-suffering city. Here, you can still see trees famous fortress and touch history.

Thus, the historical monuments of Azov:

Ramparts with gates Alekseevskii

One of the famous places of the city of Azov - the remains of walls and stone gates of the XIV century - is located on Genoa Street, near the old fish plant. The most thorough study of this monument has been subjected during the excavations carried out in 1935, the Rostov Regional Office for Protection of Monuments and confirmed his identity Italic.

By the time of excavation the gates were two parallel stone walls (piers) located on the end face of the fortress and earthworks separated by more than 3 m. The length of the walls reaches 13.5 m wall gates were faced with hewn stone. Survived and forged pins vdolblennye in solid rock.

Within the city walls are preserved fortress. They stretched for hundreds of meters in some places to cross the street. Their height ranges from 5 to 15 meters wide at the base - from 10 to 30 meters, and on the ridge - from 5 to 15 meters. On parallel axes - st. Dzerzhinsky - preserved moat, built in XVI century. Its depth of 12 meters, length - 100 m with slopes ranging from 450 to 600. To him immediately adjacent part of the wall height to 30 meters, almost vertical slope (up to 800).

Ramparts were built by the Turks in XVI - XVII centuries and then rebuilt in the XVIII century Russian project of a military engineer Laval. Through the walls were done eleven gates, of which only well-preserved so-called Alexis gate with a vaulted tunnel, built of stone and brick.

Ramparts with gates Alekseevskii - interesting monuments of military engineering, witnesses siege seat of Don Cossacks (XVII cent.) And the Azov campaigns Peter the Great.

Alexis gate of the fortress of Azov (XVIII century) at the beginning of his stories were made of wood - in 1770, then rebuilt in stone - 1801-1805 years. Finally restored in XX century.

Plaques and Monuments, located nearby, are a kind of historical reserve, which highlights the inextricable link ages. Under the arches of the gate Alexis you feel the breath of history: the echoes of your steps as if to repeat once took place here hum fiercest battles.

This is the old fortress of Azov is called the Turkish people the shaft, which historically inaccurate. Experts called Russian or Alekseevskii.

After nearly a century a succession of Russian-Turkish wars for the right to possession of the fortress of Azov, Azov in 1774, was forever enshrined in the Russian Empire.

Legend has it that the shaft is sprinkled with the most primitive technology of that era - human hands and hats.

Now this place, which offers a wonderful view of the delta of the Don. Here love to visit the guests of the city, children and lovers.

Monument to the first Russian Generalissimo comrade of Peter the Great, Aleksei Semenovich Shein Boyar

June 12, 2009 the Day of Russia in the Azov Monument to the first Russian Generalissimo comrade of Peter the Great, Aleksei Semenovich Shein Boyar.

The bronze figure is set in the historic center of Azov, in front of the museum. Holding in one hand a sword, a general looks at the city, in the battle for which he earned the highest military rank. Along with the monument to Peter the other attractions, it forms a complex history, which tells of the glorious pages of the annals of Azov and the Russian state.

This event, as correctly pointed Dean of Azov District, Archpriest Alexey Demidov, illustrated by the return of Russians to their historical memory and spiritual traditions. "Now, the two great historical personality are together again - said in his speech, Mayor, SL Bezdolny. - Let the glory will never fade brave heroes of the past! "

The opening ceremony of the monument took place in the presence of distinguished guests: the Vice Chairman of the Legislative Assembly of Rostov region YU.C. Zerschikova, fund manager after the first Russian generalissimo, AS Shein, at confluence of many people - azovchan, guests from other cities and countries.

Traditionally, the participants welcomed the festival, Peter I. After his shouts of "Vivat, Shein! Viva Azov! Vivat, Russia! "Under the bells mayor SL Bezdolny and Honored Builder of Russia VG Shein opened the monument. Rushed up the white balls, gun shots rang out a salute. Foundation representatives presented to the Mayor Shein agreement on the transfer of the monument and got back safe conduct and Coat of Arms of Azov.

The bronze monument is made on the project Honored Artist of Russia, MA Lushnikov and Honored Artist of Russia, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Arts VP Mokrousova. He, as emphasized in the speeches of the speakers, is a vital connection time, which will consolidate, focus and recreates the high concept of the Russian national idea. Not by chance coincided with his discovery of the main national holiday - Day of the signing of the Declaration of Independence of Russia, who became the new powers Happy Birthday!

Monument to Peter I

July 19, 1996, in celebration of the 300th anniversary of the Russian Navy, was immortalized in Azov, the bright image of Peter the Great, and to our and future generations to pay tribute to the memory and merits of this man.

The monument was created by a team headed by Honored Artist of Russia, academician Oleg Konstantinovich Komovi. Also in the team of authors includes Komova wife Nina, the chief architect of Fomenko. After his death in 1995 Komova work on the working model of the statue of Peter I continued by his pupil, honored artist of Russia Andrey Kovalchuk.

The bronze figure was cast in Peter Mytishschinsky art casting plant. Her height - 3 feet, the height of the pedestal, made of solid granite blocks - 2 meters.

Com Peter portrayed as a hero-leader. One hand rests on the mortar king, his image is full of strength, serenity and beauty, fueled by the idealized features of the face and figure, slender proportions, looking pensive gaze into the distance. The monument depicts a young Peter at a time when he was fired within two weeks of Azov. The king is 20 - 22 years. Peter turned to look fortress that is the direction in which he shot. This image scorer. Peter's face is strict, but not the same as on a monument in St. Petersburg. Here the king is depicted inexperienced, but determined.

The regimental church of Our Lady Mother of the Azov

powder magazine

Powder Magazine - a monument of military engineering built in 1799 (the project engineer, DeLaval). The monument is a capital construction total height of about 12 meters, drifting to the ground to a depth of 5 meters. The volume of the cellar is 1725 m3 interior living space - 175 m2. Double brick walls with thickness up to 1.5 meters in the basement of the built of stone Rakushechnoye. Nadpodvalnaya part of the walls and vault are made of red brick. Arch covered with a protective layer of dirt. The entrance to the cellar of a massive metal door closes.

Today in the powder keg is available historical exposition of the Azov Museum, dedicated to the history of the Don Cossacks and the Azov campaigns Peter I, as well as a diorama, "The capture of the Turkish fortress of Azov troops of Peter I in 1696", made by the artist Arseny Rostov Chernyshov.

The building of the powder magazine is interesting in itself as a monument of military engineering art of the XVIII century.
In the yard of the powder magazine - a model of barrow with installed genuine Polovtsian stone statues. In front of the powder magazine installed a genuine Russian gun end of the XVII century.
Russian cities: Azov