Russian Cities: Great Luke

Russian Cities: Great Luke

First mentioned in the Novgorod Chronicle as the city of Luca in 1166 by Lovat year, when the prince of Kiev Rostislav Mstislavich I arrived here for talks with the Novgorod boyars (the first settlement in the IX-XII centuries, 3 km from the modern city). In the XII century in the Novgorod land, the castle (built in 1211) on the outskirts of Novgorod and Pskov.

We also know that the son of Prince Yaroslav Vladimirovich of Novgorod, Izyaslav Yaroslavich was sent by his father in 1197 to reign in Luke.

For military merits city earned the title of "Novgorod Mantle" and "atrium of Moscow" in 1406 acquired the title of Great Luke. Since 1478 the city, like the rest of the Novgorod land, subject to the Moscow princedom.

During the Livonian War, there was a rate of Ivan the Terrible (since 1558). In 1580 the fortress was taken by Polish-Lithuanian forces of King Stefan Batory, enemy soldiers, burst into the town, massacred the local population, particularly rampant Hungarian mercenaries. [1] In 1583 by Yam-Zapolski world city was returned to Russia.

At the beginning of XVII century, the city took troops Dmitrii I, then False Dmitry II. In 1611, the city completely destroyed and rebuilt in 1619.

The city had repeatedly been Peter I and Catherine II. By order of the king's drawings famous mathematician LF Magnitsky built a new fortress Velikie.

Since 1727 the center Velikolutskoy province of Novgorod province, and in 1772 (after the first partition of Poland, of the newly annexed land) was created by the Pskov province (center of the province was the city Opochka), but one with the two provinces of Novgorod Province - Pskov and Velikolutskaya.

In the XVIII century has passed through the town of Belarusian State highway.

During the Great Patriotic War of 1812 Luke - large rear base of the Russian troops.

At the end of the XIX century by the great Luke went postal tracts. In 1901, a city laid railroad.

On August 22, 1944 to October 2, 1957 Great Luke Luki was the administrative center of the RSFSR.

In the Great Patriotic War, fighting for the liberation of the Great Bow was so fierce that the city was nicknamed "Little Stalingrad." In honor of the 40th anniversary of the liberation of labor and martial merits Great Luke was awarded the Order of Patriotic War I class.

Versions of the origin of the toponym Luke:

In the plural form of the bow "large, long bend, arch," a steep meander "- the river Lovat, on which the town forms next to the steep bend.
The name of one of the first rulers of the city - Novgorod governor Luke, sent here from the Hill.

Historical events and facts relating to the fate of the city

The Baltic Pipeline System-II
The Admiralty
The ancient Russian city
The Livonian War
Riga station
Battle of Smolensk (1941)
List of airports by ICAO code: U
Battle of Orsha
Streletsky riot in 1698
Chronicle of the Great Patriotic War. In January 1942.
Yam-Zapolski world
3rd Shock Army
January 17


Sales of goods produced in the manufacturing sector (2006) amounted to 7.51 billion rubles

Among the largest share of production belongs to:

food production - 3.10 (billion rubles).
manufacturing machinery and equipment - 1.28 (billion rubles).
manufacture of electrical and optical equipment - 0.93 (billion rubles).
manufacture of metal products - 0.83 (billion rubles).


Great Bows are near federal highway from Moscow to the Baltics (M9), there is a bus terminal, railway station, providing direct communication with the cities of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Murmansk, Riga, and others, in Soviet times acted airport. Intra-urban public transport is represented mostly by bus. There are 21 city bus route (2002).

Air traffic through the airport Great Luke.

Higher Education Institutions

Velikie State Academy of Agriculture
Velikie State Academy of Physical Culture
Branch of the St. Petersburg State University of Railway Transport
Branch of Modern Humanitarian Academy
Branch of the St. Petersburg State University of Economics and Service
Branch of the St. Petersburg Technical University

Things to Do

Velikoluksky Museum
Velikie fortress
Monument to Alexander Matrosov
Monument Rokossovsky
Monument to academician IM Vinogradov
Colored fountains (by AK Loginov)
The Settlement IX-X centuries. (4 km from the city)