In Rostov-on-Don 15 major markets, some of which have polutovekovuyu history. On one of these markets - and Nakhichevan will be discussed in this article.
In 1779, the Armenian settlers founded the city of Nakhichevan on the Don, who had a first name of Nor-Nakhichevan. Now it is a proletarian district of Rostov on Don.
Most local historians and local historians believe that the plan of the city was created by renowned architect IE Starov engineer and AI Rigelmanom. The city initially planned to market square and the adjacent land reserved for construction of the temple complex. Petersburg Commission approved a development project of Nor-Nakhichevan at the end of 1781 (November).
The plan of the city of Nakhichevan-on-DonuKak and was conceived in the south of Piazza began building the future of the market - there are located the front ranks of traders - "meat series", or, as they are called "living the ranks." Despite this, trade for a long time was not only here, but went beyond, placed around the church. The final borders of Nakhchivan market were set at the end of the XIX century. Trading as - agricultural, artisan works, etc. concentrated in the center. Proof of this are the plans of the city, 1890, 1893.
Particularly attractive in the history of Nakhchivan is a market plan for downtown, which was compiled Rostov local historian IS Chordarovym in the days of the October Revolution - 1917. This plan allows us to know what's in the north ended in a bazaar near the buildings - shops, warehouses and a hotel (preserved).
Cathedral of St. Gregory VelikogoDlinnye storey shopping arcade shared marketplace and Garden Sv.Lusavoricha Cathedral (St. Gregory the Illuminator). Western housing number was put at Orenda manufactory merchants at craft shops, and the second (eastern) package was trading vegetables (construction of shops are not preserved).
Having no desire to keep up with Rostovites, Nakhichevan in 1912, built the building of the covered market. It was located on the corner of the Piazza, and 26 lines. The author of this project remains unknown. Some consider them the city architect N. Durbaha Nakhichevan, while others - VV Sazonov.
As if there was not, this building consisted of a two-story middle section, which is surrounded by the buildings were in basements. On the ground floor of the stalls was furnished the Central Hall, which sold bread, meat and dairy products. Along the perimeter of the room were the jobs that have been divided into sections. Each section was separated by netting. In the center of the room was a cell with counters.
To get to the second floor could be using the stairs, which were placed at the ends of the hall. On the terraced shelves, which were placed along the room, was trading agricultural products. Passages in the aisle was wide enough. The architectural composition of the structure of the covered market was defined as a down-home, in comparison with other urban structures. Located on the four sides of the axis of the inputs are several speakers under the roof of one story building parts, such as: roofs, supported on the edges, cut obliquely to the bottom, ledges thin walls.
Facades of buildings were not decorative ozdobleny, it was just the windows were rectangular in shape on the ground floor and arch - in the second. Covered Market was 33 * 66 m
Despite the fact to the Nakhichevan market trading was intense enough (there was no lack of any demand, any suggestions), Nakhichevan was not satisfied with the unit area of the market.
As evidence of the disadvantaged is a petition addressed to the merchants bread head of Balabanov:
Market need water, whose is not here, not like other cities, therefore each of us has a loss: First, there is than to wash tables and counters, and secondly - to wash himself, his hands and face, and the third - freshen bread towel treatment to cover the grains of dust and all sorts of bacteria in the dust ...
With similar petitions in the City Council and Meat accessed traders who also complained about the lack of refrigeration and ventilation. The result of these petitions is to open the bacteriological laboratory in 1911. The head doctor was appointed CB Attar. Study in the laboratory obyazovyvalas not only imported products and products of Nakhichevan factories (meat, pastry shops, factories, mineral water, etc.). Laboratory work was not "formal": all the results of studies published in the local newspaper, there is a currently "Board of Shame", which published the names of unscrupulous sellers, and they paid the fines ipodvergalis other administrative penalties.
Log in Nakhichevan from the market square. Tolstoy. Evening, trade stalls were empty ... For health are as follows: when in Nakhichevan strolled epidemic in the market without fail put tanks with boiled water. At this time, subject to special treatment cabrank, various warehouses, retail space and series.
Pressing problem that faced by local authorities was the need to supply the trade in fuels such as firewood, coal, dung, to determine the best place to stop a cab.
In those days, when the supplies have been, had the crowds that it was impossible to keep at least some order and hygiene in this place. This problem was solved quickly enough: in 1901-1902. cabs and fuel traders moved to the Haymarket area.
Shopping Streets of Nakhichevan market. It is always crowded, though somewhat more expensive than the Central. But who wants to go there.
Activities Commissioner piazza, whose duties included supervision order on the market, in general, satisfy the Nakhichevan, so unlike Rostovites and Taganrog, they have never been asked to create a special Duma in the bazaar committee. Nakhichevan market is traditionally considered not only a place where you can buy quality goods, but is a kind of meeting place and communication Nakhichevan. Nakhichevan market - their pride. Each guest at exploring the sights of Nakhichevan always showed central bazaar of the city.
NA came here Rajewski and A. Pushkin, a philanthropist Demidov wrote:
Due to its numerous bazaars Nakhichevan became rich stowage, which can, if necessary, to supply the goods all the surrounding fairs.
In the Soviet and post-Soviet times Nakhichevan (Proletarian), the market remains one of the most popular trading platforms, despite the proximity of supermarkets and hypermarkets annual appearance of new.
In early 2006, city officials spoke about the projects of reconstruction of old markets. Light began to appear on various plans and schemes, in Nakhichevan market began to remove trade and cooperate for the closed set retail outlets.
The main objective of all the changes - to streamline trade, divide it into sectors: fruit and vegetables separately from meat and dairy products and food products. Also decided to close the market to the weather, in rain or snow, buyers and sellers feel comfortable. They promise to update as refrigeration equipment and to equip storm sewers.