Russian hero Ilya of Murom

It is believed that the birthplace of Ilya of Murom - Karacharovo village under Moore. In another version of this village in Moore modern Chernihiv region. In this case, the nickname of Elijah was to appear as "Moore" or "Murovets", which is also found in the sources. At the moment both these cities consider themselves to be the birthplace of Ilya of Murom. According to the version, voiced in the TV "Raiders", Ilya of Murom Murom came from the tribe.

He arrived sometime in the glorious city of Kiev Stolny
And to the glorious prince to the wide courtyard.
A second-Duke Vladimir, he went out with God's church,
He came to the white-stone house,
In the dining room in his Gorenka,
He sat there drinking yes yes kushati bread,
Bread kushati poobedati yes.

A nd then yes staryya Cossack Ilya of Murom
Become a knight in the middle of the yard so,
He himself is in the House of white stone.
He passed into the dining room in Gorenka,
On the heel of a door, he porazmahival *.

Crest of put it in writing,
Conducted on-greetings scientist
At all for three or four on one side low bow,
Prince Vladimir himself in Osobino,
Yet all his princes he podkolennyim.

Then Prince Vladimir, became a fellow inquire:
- Tell-TCR, you otkuleshny, portly good fellow,
You like something, young man, yes the name is called,
Styled, swashbuckling, the country?
Said a Cossack staryya yes Ilya of Murom:
- There I was nice of the city of Murom
From that village so Karacharovo,
There I staryya yes Cossack Ilya of Murom,
Ilya of Murom yes son Ivanovitch.

For a number of versions, the hero was a real prototype - a historical person who lived around 1188, although the Russian chronicles do not mention his name. Circulated as identification epic hero and Elijah Caves - Saint of the Orthodox Church of St, relics rest in the Near Caves of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra.

Also known Ileyko Muromets (Ileyka Muromets) - an impostor since the Time of Troubles, who was executed in 1607, according to some scholars, his biography has not affected the folding of the folklore of the image [source not specified 255 days]. According to other researchers, in particular the Russian historian Ilovaisky, the expression "staryya Cossack" is because at the end of the reign of Boris Godunov Ileyka Murom was a Cossack detachment of the army of Prince Ivan Khvorostinin governor.

Viktor Vasnetsov. "Ilya of Murom." 1914.

According to the epics, hero Ilya of Murom to 33 years "not owned" arms and legs, and then received a miraculous healing of elders (or beggars perekhozhie). They came to the house of Elias, when no one but he was not, ask him to stand up and bring them to drink. Ilya's answer: "Yes, I'm not because no arms or legs, I sit on the throne for thirty years." They repeatedly asked Elijah to get up and bring them water. After that, Ilya gets up, goes to the water-carrier and bring water. Elders also told to drink water to Ilia. Ilya after the second drink feels the excessive force, and give him to drink a third time to reduce the force. After the elders said to Elijah, that he should go into the service of Prince Vladimir. At the same time they mention that on the way to Kiev is too heavy stone with an inscription that Ilya must also attend. After Ilya says goodbye to their parents, brothers and friends and sent "to the capital city to Kiev" and comes first "to the stationary Kameni." On the stone was written by a call to move Ilya stone from the place fixed. There he finds the horse heroic, weapons and armor. Ilya pushed rock and found all that was written. Horse, he said, "Hail to you heroic knight! Serve-to-the righteousness of faith, you are to me. " After that, Ilya jumps to Prince Vladimir.

In the epic "Svyatogor and Ilya of Murom," explains Ilya of Murom studied Svjatogor, and dying, he blew into his heroic spirit, why force Elias added, and gave up his sword kladenets.

"Knights." Viktor Vasnetsov. 1881-1898. Ilya of Murom the middle

Only a few epic scenes with the name of Ilya of Murom known outside the provinces of Olonets, Arkhangelsk and Siberia (Collection of Daniel Kirsch and S. Gulyaev). Outside these regions hitherto recorded only a few scenes:

* Elijah of Murom and Nightingale the Robber;
* Ilya of Murom and robbers;
* Ilya of Murom on the Falcon, the ship
* Ilya of Murom and son.

In the middle and southern parts of Russia are only known epics without attachment Ilya of Murom to Kiev and Prince. Vladimir, and the most popular subjects, which play the role of rogues (Ilya of Murom and robbers) and the Cossacks (Ilya of Murom on the Falcon-ship), indicating that the popularity of Ilya of Murom among freedom-loving people, trades on the Volga, Yaik and is a member of the Cossacks .

Viktor Vasnetsov: Knight at the Crossroads

Prose tales about Ilya of Murom, written in the form of Russian folk tales and gone over to some non-Slavic peoples (Finns, Latvians, Chuvash, Yakuts) are also not aware of the Kievan epic relationship Ilya of Murom, no mention of Prince Vladimir, replacing it with a nameless king; they contain almost exclusively with adventure Ilya of Murom Nightingale the Robber, sometimes with Idolischem called a glutton, and sometimes attributed to Ilya Muromets release the princess from the dragon, who do not know the tales about Ilya of Murom.

A nd in that there is a mud-then Chernoey,
Yes slavnoey in the river at Currant,
A second one is in the birch in poklyapyya,
In order for the cross Levanidova
Nightingale the Robber sits Odihmantev son.

That's how the Nightingale whistle so on-nightingale
As a bandit screaming villain like an animal -
That's all the grass ant eats,
And azure flowers showered off,
Lesushki dark to the ground all stoops,
And that is, people - all the dead lie.

Often found mixing with Ilya Ilya of Murom the prophet. Mixing it happened at the alleged birthplace of epic Ilya of Murom, in view of the peasants of the village Karacharovo (near Murom), and in the stories of these peasants relations Ilya of Murom and to Kiev Prince Vladimir was not mentioned [10]. Investigation of an epic biography of Ilya of Murom leads to the conclusion that in the name of this popular hero layer these areas using a lot of fairy stories and legends of wandering.

Ilya hero is a hero not only of our epics, but the German epic poems of the XIII century. In it he presented a mighty warrior princely Russian Ilya

Epic Ilya of Murom and St. Elias Caves.

The prototype of the epic character is considered by some researchers historic strongman nicknamed "Chobotok", a native of Murom / Moore, became a monk in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra by the name of Elijah, sainted as "Reverend Elijah of Murom" (canonized in 1643).

Reconstruction of the skull of St. Elijah (Murom)

In 1988, the Interdepartmental Commission of Ministry of Health USSR its expertise of the relics of St. Ilya of Murom. Studies have shown the relics of that saint was exceptionally strong person and had a height 177 cm (for above-average growth in the Middle Ages). He has discovered signs of diseases of the spine (Elijah epic from birth to 33 years could not move) and traces of numerous injuries. Cause of death was likely to hit a sharp weapon (spear or sword) in the chest. Death occurred at the age of 40-55 years. It is believed that he was killed during the capture of Kiev by Prince Rurik Rostislavich in 1204, accompanied by the Allied defeat of the Pechersk Lavra Rurik Polovtsy. In this case, it must have been born between 1150 and 1165's.
"Reverend Elijah resting in a prayer position, fingers clasped his right hand as adopted and now in the Orthodox Church - the first three fingers together, and the last two bending towards the palm. During the struggle with the Old Believers split from the fact that the lives of the saint was strong evidence in favor of adding trehperstnogo "

The relics of Elijah Caves

According to this theory, Ilya of Murom lived in the XII century and died in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra about 1188. Memory on the church calendar - December 19 (1)