Kyiv now

Kyiv now

# Capital of the East European state Ukraine gained independence with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991
# Independence Day - a national holiday, celebrated August 24
# State system - a presidential republic
# The official language - Ukrainian
# The national currency - the hryvnia, penny
# Church - separate from the state. Under the Constitution, all citizens of Ukraine have the right to free exercise of religion. Most of the faithful people of Kiev - Orthodox Christians, but there are also Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Muslims and representatives of other religions and denominations
# Date of foundation of Kiev - 482 per year (close to the real, but somewhat arbitrary and adopted for convenience in 1982, the city celebrated its 1500th anniversary)
# Square in Kiev - 827 square kilometers, the length along the Dnieper River - 20 miles
# The population of Kiev - 2 million 640 thousand people

The territory of the city is divided into 10 administrative units - districts:
# Shevchenko - 200 thousand
# Crypt - 170 thousand
# Podolsky - 210 thousand
# Obolonskiy - 290 thousand
# Svyatoshinsky - 360 thousand
# Solomensky - 280 thousand
# Goloseevsky - 200 thousand
The left bank of the Dnieper:
# Desnyansky - 320 thousand
# Dnipro - 360 thousand
# Darnytskyi - 250 thousand

# Arms of Kiev - the first known scientist arms, XV century, was the bow with two arrows. In 1782 the city received a new coat of arms depicting the Archangel Michael. Archangel - in short tunic, with a halo around the head with a sword and a shield in the right-hand. In 1919, this emblem was repealed by the Bolshevik government. Only 50 years later, in 1969 introduces a new coat of arms. At the heart of his pictures lay board of Slavic form. Top - the hammer and sickle, the bottom - the medal "Gold Star" Hero of the Soviet Union (Kiev has the status of hero-city). On the red-blue of the shield, which reflects the color of the then Flag of Ukraine, the top was the inscription "Punjab". In the center was placed a stylized image of a flourishing branch of chestnut, crossed by ancient Slavic weapon - a bow (despite the fact that the chestnuts are from France, in Kiev, the trees have really found their second home). After Ukraine gained independence regained Kiev coat of arms depicting the Archangel Michael. (Archangel Michael and St Sophia are patron saints of the city)

Geography of Kiev

Address of Kiev on the map.

State of Ukraine, Kiev is the capital of which is located in the northern hemisphere to the equator, the continent of Eurasia, and Eastern Europe. On the south by the Black and Azov Seas. Ukraine - one of the largest in the area of ​​Europe (Kievan Rus was already the largest European state).
By land border with Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova. Maritime border with Ukraine are Russia, Georgia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Romania.
From north to south the whole country crosses a major river Dnieper, which begins in the Valdai Hills and flows into the Dnieper-Bug estuary of the Black Sea.
Kiev is located in northern Ukraine, on the border of the forest-steppe zone and mixing zone forests in the middle reaches of the Dnieper River (below the mouth of the Desna), on both its banks.

The relief of Kiev.

Kiev relief is presented lowland forms: on the Left Bank - Dnieper Lowland, on the right bank in the northern part - the Polesie lowland, in the southern part - Dnieper Upland. The high right bank of the Dnieper in Kiev area is the spurs of the Dnieper Upland. This elevation of the plateau called Kiev (French for "plateau" stands for "flat"). It is heavily dissected by gullies and ravines. The terrain then rises, forming a series of individual heights, then descends to the level of the valley of the Dnieper. Nayvysshie point (106 meters) above the Dnieper lie in the eastern part of town, near the Pechersk. Hence, the area gradually decreases to the west, in the broad valley of the river and creeks Lybed Downtown and buffoons. Then rises again to Batu mountain. Both the high plateau cliffs of yellow loess and clay rocks of different break off to the east - in the valley of the Dnieper, the low-lying areas of the city. The lowest point of elevation located at Hem (from 4-8 m above the river). Dnieper and its tributaries (the Desna, Pripyat, Berezina, Pochayna, Glubochitsa, Kiyanka and Lybed) have long played an important role in the economic and political life of the population of the Middle Dnieper. The territory of modern Kyiv as a switch is closed at shirokorazvetvlennuyu waterways system, known as "route from the Vikings to the Greeks." Here the most important trade routes crossed. Kiev from all sides surrounded by natural boundaries, which made the city virtually impregnable to enemies. And finally, the Kiev area was a first-class river harbor - the river Pochayna.


  • Kyi, Schek, Horeb and Lybid (monument to the founders of Kiev on the Dnieper)
  • princess Olga
  • A monument to Bogdan Khmelnitsky
  • Michael Hrushevsky
  • Pronya Prokopovna and Golokhvastov
  • Nicholas Shchors
  • Pronya Prokopovna and Golokhvastov
  • Panikovsky
  • Actor Nicholas Yakovtchenko (a monument to a man with a dog)
  • Lenin
  • cat Pantalaimon
  • Taras Shevchenko
  • Saint Vladimir
  • Column Magdeburg Law
  • column of Independence
  • Samson fountain
  • Gogol's nose
  • Yaroslav the Wise
  • Zoe Kosmodemyanskaya
  • Motherland
  • Cannon, a monument to the workers of the plant Arsenal
  • architect Vladislav Gorodetsky
  • Snow duck
  • monument Lobanovskyy
  • Monument to Leonid Bykov
  • Monument to the first tram
  • A monument to Bulgakov
  • Monument to Skovoroda - the eternal student

Churches and temples

  • St. Vladimir's Cathedral
  • Saint Sophia Cathedral
  • St. Michael's Cathedral
  • Cyril Church
  • Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
  • Nicholas church
  • Vydubychi Monastery
  • St. Andrew's Church
  • Alexander's church
  • Pokrovsky Monastery
  • Brodsky synagogue

Parks and gardens in Kiev


  • Mariinsky Park
  • Botanical Garden. A. Fomin
  • National Botanic Garden of them. N. Grishko NAS
  • Shota Rustaveli Park
  • Askold's Grave
  • Kreschaty park
  • Shevchenko Park
  • Vladimir mount
  • Pushkin Park
  • Holosiivskyi park
  • Park of Eternal Glory
  • Navodnitsky park
  • Babi Yar


  • Babi Yar
  • Baikov Baikov Cemetery and Mount
  • Vladimir mount
  • Goncharka
  • mountains Kiev
  • Dnieper
  • Valley of Roses
  • Zagorovschina
  • Zapadynka
  • Cadet grove
  • Kiev steep banks
  • Kiselevka
  • Kitaevo
  • Concha Zaspa
  • Kukushkin giving
  • Meringovsky garden
  • Obolon
  • Interruption in the imperial garden
  • Panorama of Kiev
  • beaches of Kyiv
  • skirt
  • river Lybid
  • river Pochayna
  • Garden Kupecheckogo Meeting