Nature of Anapa - mountain forests and coastal steppe.
The city of Anapa, despite its southern location, nature has a temperate climate. Another hundred years ago, a small and more like a village then town was surrounded by dense forest that covered almost the entire surface area of Anapa.
In the late 80s of the 19th century, the forest reached almost to the Anapa. However, new settlers began to eagerly learn svezhepriobretennye Russian land, causing massive luxury southern forests lay under saws and axes to make room for cropland and orchards. Historians of the time scrupulously observe in his notes: "Where the forest soil suitable for arable farming and viticulture, timber raskorchevyvayutsya mercilessly."
Died for the sake of agriculture evergreen ivy, a rare plant sumac, mulberry (otherwise known as mulberry), thick vines of wild grapes, dogwood, whose flexible rods were for the manufacture of wicker furniture. The overwhelming majority of Anapa forests gave way to vineyards and fields that are intensively plowed around their settlements moved to the south of Little Russia.
Now the beautiful deciduous forests left for stanitsa Gostagaevskoy and in the south-east of Anapa in the direction of Novorossiysk. They are found oaks, many instances of which have more than one hundred years, as well as relict trees - pistachio and junipers, near Anapa preserved as much of the Tertiary period.
But today in the city and its surroundings is full of parks and gardens, many fruit trees and bushes. Gardening Anapa represented white acacia, lime, sycamore trees tall, bushy lilac, lush thuja, blue and silver firs, Crimean pine. As the center and outskirts of the city is decorated with beautiful flower beds, which grow petunias, tulips, roses, pansies and many other colors.
We should also tell you about the valley sukkah - a unique natural complex, limited right and left the mountain terraces. In the middle of a flat valley flows a small river Sukkah, which flows into the sea.
Here, prairie plants completely replaced the mountain vegetation in the Mediterranean. Trees and shrubs form the tiers, under their crown density well grow mushrooms and berries. Can be found here centuries-old oak fluffy instances (some trees for about seven hundred years), there are the Red snowdrops, cyclamen Caucasian, peony Wittmann. Around the valley is full of elm, dogwood and elderberry, and wild plum, apple and pear trees, which enjoy a special "demand" from a local animal - wild boar and deer.
Another pride of Anapa - junipers, many species of which are listed as endangered, covering the low mountain slopes to the south-east of the city. Under state protection are three types of relict trees - high juniper, juniper and juniper smelly red. That junipers are the natural "ozdorovitelyami" Anapa air, since a large number of isolated volatiles - volatile, which have antibacterial properties. There is also a sufficient number of rare and protected the Greek pistachio tupolistnaya ash.
In Anapa has developed an interesting mix of coastal, steppe, and foothills, so wildlife is rich in these places, and different types of landscapes are unique and diverse. In the vicinity of Anapa on a relatively small area inhabited by many birds, animals, reptiles, amphibians and insects that are found in different natural zones.
Anapa area of sand dunes has sheltered many species of birds. It nests sandpipers, larks, pheasants and quail. Of small rodents live mice, voles and various lizards. You can see and zheltobryuhogo runner, and a toad. So here often arrive at the hunting owls - and long-eared marsh and hen harrier. Sultry summer evening on the dunes is heard chirping of grasshoppers, crickets and cicadas.
Over the outskirts of Anapa river fed by marshes (marshy lowlands) and Lake Chemburka that serve the present freemen for many birds and aquatic animals. In flooded areas found more than 70 species of birds, among which are protected - marsh harrier, long-eared owl, Karavaiko, whooper swan. Numerous animals prey on weasels, muskrat and raccoon dogs.
Anapa marshes and estuaries, covered with dense sedges, rushes and reeds, well warmed generous southern sun, making a shallow fresh water rapidly multiplying plankton, crustaceans, worms and clams. The abundance of food attracts a huge number of fish. Carp, bream, crucian carp, roach, pike, catfish, perch and ruffe spawn here, as well as weight put on weight before winter starvation. In Anapa estuaries fattened and tasty Black Sea mullet spawn, which is the target species. In Kiziltashskom estuary even created kefalevoe economy.
In the foothills of Anapa found jackals, foxes, hares, wild boars and badgers. You can see a weasel or ferret, Sonya, a hedgehog, mice and voles. At sunset in the warm season roam the air bats. In the mountains, wolves and deer. Feel at ease here once imported raccoons.
Of birds inhabit the mountain forests of thrushes, Shchurko, larks, are found in great abundance sparrows, goldfinches and chaffinches, you can see the owl and the owl. Wander from forest to town and back, depending on the season, chickadees and crows.
Anapa low mountains shelter many species of snakes - vipers, snakes, rare zheltobryuhogo runner and Mediterranean tortoise, and several species of lizards. A variety of insects that live in mountain forests of Anapa, certainly surprised by the expert!
The underwater world at local banks are also famous for the abundance of life. At the foot of Anapa foothills of the water is clean and transparent. They feed in shallow Black Sea anchovy, red mullet, flounder. In the ecologically favorable place in the Greater Utrish, is an experimental laboratory for the cultivation of shellfish - mussels and oysters, as well as rare game fish - turbot brill, sturgeon, mullet, and the Black Sea - pelengasa.
In addition to fish resources anapchan and resort guests and hosts periodically delight of the local waters - the tireless, handsome dolphins. In the warm season they often swim close enough to the shore, showing an enthusiastic audience their smooth backs. Well, if you want to look at the tame dolphins, then welcome to Anapa dolphinarium, where during the summer season, these intelligent animals act out real circus.
Russian cities Anapa