ZIS-115 - Soviet limousine 1946 release. The first new model, the issue which our industry has mastered soon after the war, became the ZIS-110. Progress in the preparation of its production and beginning of production is constantly monitored Stalin. Stalin himself traveled in armored eight-and twelve-"Packard." It is not surprising that he, as the general customer wanted to see in the VMS-110 «Packard 180". As for the engine and chassis, the team of designers under the guidance of AN Ostrovtsova exactly the same idea of American engineers. With respect to the body made a compromise: its panels, the division of parts, size of door and window openings repeated «Buick Limited», and equipment, upholstery, like «Packard».
For spetstseley created a kind of ZIS-110 armored bullet-proof windows and bodywork. As a result, the mass of the machine (it has an index of ZIS-115) increased by two and a half times, and for such a heavy car needed a rear axle with fully floating axle shafts, increased from 4.36 to 6.67 gear ratio and tire more carrying capacity. They were produced (as opposed to serial tires) without white sidewalls. In addition to the color side panels, another distinctive feature of the external ZIS-115 - more convex caps of the wheels (the rear wheel hub protruding from the rim). In addition, rotated the front door of the ventilator helps to estimate the thickness of the glass. If it is 40 mm, the machine is armored.
Inside, the ZIS-115, as well as VMS-110, two-seat folding strapontena, lift a glass partition between the driver's compartment and cabin passengers. At the base model in the cabin wall and glass doors are raised and lowered by hydraulic lifters. The drive to the pump - from the electric motor. The machine is staffed radio and electric clock. VMS-115 door locks hedge chain-guard, and raised the thick and heavy glass hydraulic jacks, built-in door.
ZIS-110 produced in 2089 copies. They had a body "sedan" (most of) and "convertible" (ZIS-110B).
Armored ZIS-115, which were used by Stalin and his inner circle, there were about three dozen. It is said that "the leader of the people" loved to ride on the right strapontene. Last trip it was held March 2, 1953 at his dacha, where he died. Copies of the ZIS-115 remained in avtootdele Polytechnic Museum in Moscow and the Museum "Mežciems" in Riga.
Brief technical characteristics of ZIS-115 limousine: the years of registration - 1946-1958; seats - 7 (6) motor: num - 8, the working volume - 6005 cm3, power - 140 hp. with. / 103 kW (161 hp.. / 190 kW) at 3600 rev / min; clutch - single disc, the number of gears - 3 size tires - 7,50-16 (7,50-17), length - 6000 mm, width - 1960 mm, height - 1730 mm Base - 3760 mm, weight in running order - 2757 (7300) kg, the highest rate - 140 (100) km / h, average fuel consumption operational - 27 (30) l/100 km.